Surrealism, artistic and literary movement that explored and celebrated the realm of dreams and the unconscious mind through the creation of visual art, poetry, and motion pictures.
Surrealism was officially launched in Paris, France, in 1924, when French writer André Breton wrote the first surrealist manifesto, outlining the ambitions of the new movement. The movement soon spread to other parts of Europe and to North and South America.
Among surrealism's most important contributions was the invention of new artistic techniques that tapped into the artist's unconscious mind. Surrealism was heavily influenced by the Dada movement and by Sigmund Freud. Famous surrealist painters include Salvador Dali, Marc Chagall, Joan Miro, Marcel Duchamp, and Rene Magritte.